A Timeline of Jewish History

Movers & Shakers

Great Works

Conflicts & Disasters

Arrivals & Departures

Game Changers

Famous Firsts

4000 BCE3900 BCE 3950 BCE

Reign of Alexander the Great

Reign of Julius Caesar

Saadiah Gaon

Rashi

Maimonides

Maharal (Rabbi Judah Loew ben Bezalel)

Isaac Luria

Life of Shabbetai Tzvi

Baruch Spinoza is Excommunicated

Baal Shem Tov

First Lubavitcher Rebbe Born

Reign of Napoleon

Sabato Morais Born

Eliezer Ben Yehuda Moves to Palestine

Yeshiva University Founded

Eichmann Trial

Ezrat Nashim Founded

Yitzchak Rabin Assassinated

Invention of Cuneiform

Hammurabi's Code

Plato's Republic

Dead Sea Scrolls

Josephus' Antiquities

Canonization of the Hebrew Bible is Complete

Mishnah Redacted

Babylonian Talmud Completed

Sefer Hasidim

Maimonides Works Burned

The Zohar

Shulhan Arukh Published

Publication of Jerusalem

Wissenschaft des Judentums Founded

"The New Colossus"

The Jazz Singer Movie is Produced

Judaism as a Civilization

Popularity of Seinfeld

Sennacherib Attacks Jerusalem

The Destruction of the First Temple

Greco-Persian Wars

The Maccabean Revolt

Jewish Revolt against Rome

The Bar Kokhba Rebellion

Fall of Rome

The First Crusade

Reconquista

100 Years War

The Black Death

Chmielnicki Massacres

Dreyfus Affair

Triangle Shirtwaist Fire

Leo Frank Trial

World War I

Russian Revolution

Kristallnacht--The Night of Broken Glass

Concentration Camps Liberated

Six Day War

Outbreak of Palestinian Intifada

The Exodus

King David Establishes Jerusalem as a Capital

Division of Israel and Judah

Edict of Cyrus

Rule of Almohads

Statute of Kalisz

Jews Expelled from England

Ottoman Empire

Columbus Arrives in America

Jews Expelled from Spain

Pligrims Land at Plymouth

First Jews Settle in America

Jews Return to England

Russian Pogroms & May Laws

Galveston Experiment

The Lubavitcher Rebbe Settles in Brooklyn

Operation Magic Carpet

Berlin Wall Falls

The Future

The Beginning

Jerusalem Temple Built

The Life of Ezra

Pax Romana

The Birth of Jesus

Destruction of the Second Temple

Life of Muhammad

Renaissance

Disputation in Tortosa

Printing Press Invented

Protestant Reformation

Scientific Revolution

Industrial Revolution

Vaad Arba Aratzot Broken Up

American Revolution

US Constitution Ratified

Emancipation of French Jewry

Volozhin Yeshiva Opens

Founding of B'nai Jeshurun

State of Israel Declares its Independence

Nostra Aetate

Egyptian Civilization Begins

The Merneptah Stele

Camel Caravans Begin

The First Blood Libel

First Ghetto in Rome

George Washington Visits Synagogue

Napoleon's Sanhedrin

First Sunday School

First American Rabbi

First American Yiddish Newspaper

Hebrew Union College Founded

Pittsburgh Platform

Jewish Women's Congress in Chicago

First Zionist Congress

Hadassah Founded

First Bat Mitzvah

Most Jews Live in US

First Havurah Founded

First Female Rabbi Ordained

Intermarriage Rate 52%

Joseph Lieberman as VP Nominee

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timeline timeline
3950 BCE
4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 1000 CE 2000 CE
Reign of Alexander the Great

Reign of Alexander the Great

(333 BCE)

Reign of Julius Caesar

Reign of Julius Caesar

(49 BCE)

Saadiah Gaon

Saadiah Gaon

(882/892-942) From the 8th to the early 11th century, the geonim...

more

Rashi

Rashi

(1040 - 1105 CE) Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaki--known as Rashi--is the Jewi...

more

Maimonides

Maimonides

(1135 - 1204 CE) Moses ben Maimon, known as Maimonides or Ram...

more

Maharal (Rabbi Judah Loew ben Bezalel)

Maharal (Rabbi Judah Loew ben Bezalel)

(1520 CE)

Isaac Luria

Isaac Luria

(1534 - 1572 CE) Isaac Luria (known as "The Ari") developed one of...

more

Life of Shabbetai Tzvi

Life of Shabbetai Tzvi

(1626 - 1676 CE) The eccentric kabbalist Shabbetai Tzvi decla...

more

Baruch Spinoza is Excommunicated

Baruch Spinoza is Excommunicated

(1656 CE) Baruch Spinoza was one of the most...

more

Baal Shem Tov

Baal Shem Tov

(1698 - 1760 CE) Israel ben Eliezer, more commonly known as the Baa...

more

First Lubavitcher Rebbe Born

First Lubavitcher Rebbe Born

(1745 CE)

Reign of Napoleon

Reign of Napoleon

(1804 CE)

Sabato Morais Born

Sabato Morais Born

(1823 CE)

Eliezer Ben Yehuda Moves to Palestine

Eliezer Ben Yehuda Moves to Palestine

(1881 CE) When Eliezer Ben-Yehuda moved from...

more

Yeshiva University Founded

Yeshiva University Founded

(1915 CE)

Eichmann Trial

Eichmann Trial

(1961 CE)

Ezrat Nashim Founded

Ezrat Nashim Founded

(1971 CE)

Yitzchak Rabin Assassinated

Yitzchak Rabin Assassinated

(1995 CE)

Invention of Cuneiform

Invention of Cuneiform

(3000 BCE)

Hammurabi's Code

Hammurabi's Code

(1750 BCE)

Plato's Republic

Plato's Republic

(380 BCE)

Dead Sea Scrolls

Dead Sea Scrolls

(150 BCE)

Josephus' <i>Antiquities</i>

Josephus' Antiquities

(ca. 94 CE) Josephus Flavius, a Jew and Hellenist who lived...

more

Canonization of the Hebrew Bible is Complete

Canonization of the Hebrew Bible is Complete

(ca. 100 CE) The Hebrew Bible-also known as...

more

Mishnah Redacted

Mishnah Redacted

(ca. 200 - 220 CE) Following the destruction of the Temple, sages deb...

more

Babylonian Talmud Completed

Babylonian Talmud Completed

(500 - 700 CE) In Judaism, the Babylonian Talmud...

more

Sefer Hasidim

Sefer Hasidim

(1200 CE)

Maimonides Works Burned

Maimonides Works Burned

(1236 CE)

The Zohar

The Zohar

(ca. 1286 CE) The Zohar is the foundational work of Kaballah-the...

more

Shulhan Arukh Published

Shulhan Arukh Published

(1565 CE) Rabbi Joseph Caro wrote his famous code of law, th...

more

Publication of <i>Jerusalem</i>

Publication of Jerusalem

(1783 CE) In his book Jerusalem, Moses Mendelssohn st...

more

Wissenschaft des Judentums Founded

Wissenschaft des Judentums Founded

(1819 CE) A network of Jewish scholars--most...

more

"The New Colossus"

(1883 CE)

<i>The Jazz Singer</i> Movie is Produced

The Jazz Singer Movie is Produced

(1927 CE) The Jazz Singer made headlines as...

more

Judaism as a Civilization

Judaism as a Civilization

(1934 CE)

Popularity of Seinfeld

Popularity of Seinfeld

(1995 CE)

Sennacherib Attacks Jerusalem

Sennacherib Attacks Jerusalem

(701 BCE)

The Destruction of the First Temple

The Destruction of the First Temple

(586 BCE) Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar laid...

more

Greco-Persian Wars

Greco-Persian Wars

(502 BCE)

The Maccabean Revolt

The Maccabean Revolt

(168 - 164 BCE) The Syrian Greek ruler Antiochus Epiphanes IV conq...

more

Jewish Revolt against Rome

Jewish Revolt against Rome

(66 CE)

The Bar Kokhba Rebellion

The Bar Kokhba Rebellion

(135 CE) The Roman invasion of Israel in 66 CE-and the Empi...

more

Fall of Rome

Fall of Rome

(476 CE)

The First Crusade

The First Crusade

(1096 CE) Pope Urban II called for a Crusade to liberate the...

more

Reconquista

Reconquista

(1248 CE)

100 Years War

100 Years War

(1337 CE)

The Black Death

The Black Death

(1348 - 1350 CE) The Black Death, probably bubonic plague, devastat...

more

Chmielnicki Massacres

Chmielnicki Massacres

(1648 - 1649 CE) Cossak bands led by military leader Bogdan Chmieln...

more

Dreyfus Affair

Dreyfus Affair

(1894 CE)

Triangle Shirtwaist Fire

Triangle Shirtwaist Fire

(March 21, 1911 CE) On a Saturday morning, a gigantic fire engulfed th...

more

Leo Frank Trial

Leo Frank Trial

(1913 CE)

World War I

World War I

(1914 CE)

Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution

(1917 CE)

Kristallnacht--The Night of Broken Glass

Kristallnacht--The Night of Broken Glass

(November 9-10, 1938) Throughout Germany...

more

Concentration Camps Liberated

Concentration Camps Liberated

(1945 CE)

Six Day War

Six Day War

(June 5-10, 1967) With troops from Egypt, Syria, Iraq, and Jordan ga...

more

Outbreak of Palestinian Intifada

Outbreak of Palestinian Intifada

(November 9, 1987 CE) In November 1987, a...

more

The Exodus

The Exodus

(ca. 1275 BCE) "I once was a slave in Egypt, and now I am free."...

more

King David Establishes Jerusalem as a Capital

King David Establishes Jerusalem as a Capital

(ca. 1000 BCE) King David led an army that...

more

Division of Israel and Judah

Division of Israel and Judah

(930 BCE)

Edict of Cyrus

Edict of Cyrus

(538 BCE) After spreading his power in Persia and Media, the...

more

Rule of Almohads

Rule of Almohads

(1147 CE)

Statute of Kalisz

Statute of Kalisz

(1264 CE) Grand Duke Boleslaw the Pious granted the Jews of...

more

Jews Expelled from England

Jews Expelled from England

(1290 CE) King Edward I expelled all Jews in the British ter...

more

Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire

(1299 CE)

Columbus Arrives in America

Columbus Arrives in America

(1492 CE)

Jews Expelled from Spain

Jews Expelled from Spain

(1492 CE) For more than 100 years, amid outbreaks of anti-Je...

more

Pligrims Land at Plymouth

Pligrims Land at Plymouth

(1620 CE)

First Jews Settle in America

First Jews Settle in America

(1654 CE) In September of 1654, 23 Jews from Brazil landed i...

more

Jews Return to England

Jews Return to England

(1656 CE)

Russian Pogroms & May Laws

Russian Pogroms & May Laws

(1881 CE) Violent pogroms erupted throughout Russia, followe...

more

Galveston Experiment

Galveston Experiment

(1907 CE)

The Lubavitcher Rebbe Settles in Brooklyn

The Lubavitcher Rebbe Settles in Brooklyn

(1940 CE) The sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe,...

more

Operation Magic Carpet

Operation Magic Carpet

(1950 CE)

Berlin Wall Falls

Berlin Wall Falls

(1989 CE)

The Future

The Future

A lot has happened over the past 25 years. Interma...

more

The Beginning

The Beginning

In the Jewish imagination, the biblical story of C...

more

Jerusalem Temple Built

Jerusalem Temple Built

(960 BCE)

The Life of Ezra

The Life of Ezra

(ca 400s BCE) When the Jews exiled to Babylonia were allowed to...

more

Pax Romana

Pax Romana

(31 BCE)

The Birth of Jesus

The Birth of Jesus

(ca. 6 - 4 BCE) While Jewish sects throughout the Roman Empire wer...

more

Destruction of the Second Temple

Destruction of the Second Temple

(70 CE) After laying siege to the city, the Roman...

more

Life of Muhammad

Life of Muhammad

(570 - 632 CE) Muhammad was the founder of Islam. He inspired the...

more

Renaissance

Renaissance

(1400 CE)

Disputation in Tortosa

Disputation in Tortosa

(1413 CE)

Printing Press Invented

Printing Press Invented

(1440 CE) Jews are known as the "People of the Book," but be...

more

Protestant Reformation

Protestant Reformation

(1517 CE)

Scientific Revolution

Scientific Revolution

(1564 CE)

Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution

(1750 CE)

Vaad Arba Aratzot Broken Up

Vaad Arba Aratzot Broken Up

(1764 CE) For nearly 200 years until 1764, rabbis representi...

more

American Revolution

American Revolution

(1775 CE)

US Constitution Ratified

US Constitution Ratified

(1788 CE)

Emancipation of French Jewry

Emancipation of French Jewry

(1789 CE) The Declaration of the Rights of Man and...

more

Volozhin Yeshiva Opens

Volozhin Yeshiva Opens

(1802 CE)

Founding of B'nai Jeshurun

Founding of B'nai Jeshurun

(1825 CE) Congregation B'nai Jeshurun, New York City's secon...

more

State of Israel Declares its Independence

State of Israel Declares its Independence

(May 14, 1948 CE) After the British Mandate in Pal...

more

Nostra Aetate

Nostra Aetate

(1965 CE) Issued by the Second Vatican Council under Pope Pa...

more

Egyptian Civilization Begins

Egyptian Civilization Begins

(3150 BCE)

The Merneptah Stele

The Merneptah Stele

(1208 BCE) In Egypt, Pharaoh Merneptah commissioned a triumph...

more

Camel Caravans Begin

Camel Caravans Begin

(900 BCE)

The First Blood Libel

The First Blood Libel

(1144 CE) In 1144, a young man disappeared from Norwich, Eng...

more

First Ghetto in Rome

First Ghetto in Rome

(1555 CE)

George Washington Visits Synagogue

George Washington Visits Synagogue

(1790 CE)

Napoleon's Sanhedrin

Napoleon's Sanhedrin

(1806 CE)

First Sunday School

First Sunday School

(1838 CE) Founded in Philadelphia by Rebecca Gratz, an outsp...

more

First American Rabbi

First American Rabbi

(1840 CE)

First American Yiddish Newspaper

First American Yiddish Newspaper

(1871 CE)

Hebrew Union College Founded

Hebrew Union College Founded

(1875 CE) Hebrew Union College, founded in C...

more

Pittsburgh Platform

Pittsburgh Platform

(1885 CE)

Jewish Women's Congress in Chicago

Jewish Women's Congress in Chicago

(1893 CE) When the World's Parliament of Religi...

more

First Zionist Congress

First Zionist Congress

(August 29-31, 1897) The year after Theodor Herzl wrote The Jewish...

more

Hadassah Founded

Hadassah Founded

(1912 CE)

First Bat Mitzvah

First Bat Mitzvah

(March 18, 1922 CE) In 1922 Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, who would later fou...

more

Most Jews Live in US

Most Jews Live in US

(1957 CE)

First Havurah Founded

First Havurah Founded

(1968 CE)

First Female Rabbi Ordained

First Female Rabbi Ordained

(June 3, 1972 CE) When Sally Jane Priesand was ordained at Hebrew Un...

more

Intermarriage Rate 52%

Intermarriage Rate 52%

(1991 CE)

Joseph Lieberman as VP Nominee

Joseph Lieberman as VP Nominee

(2000 CE)

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