Green Jews

Jews need to put environmental issues higher on their agenda, the author argues.

Print this page Print this page

Although several Jewish organizations are dedicated to environmentalism and many individual Jews are involved in the environmental movement, the author of the following piece articulates his opinion that Jews--and rabbis in particular--do not emphasize environmentalism nearly enough. Reprinted with permission of Canfei Nesharim.

As a boy of six I was walking to shul with my father one morning and I unthinkingly tore some leaves off the hedge we were passing. In disapproval my father told me the Hasidic tale (Sefer Hatoldot-Chabad Vol XIII) of how Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak of Lubavitch, as a young boy, carelessly ripped a leaf of a tree and was told by his father, Rabbi Sholom Dovber, that God had his intention for that leaf and he was not to damage it unnecessarily.nature quiz

An almost identical story is told by Aryeh Levine about Rav Kook [a 20th-century Orthodox Zionist luminary]: "As we were walking I plucked some flower or plant. He trembled, and quietly told me that he always took great care not to pluck, unless it were for some benefit…" (Lachai Ro'i p. 15).

Biblical Environmentalism

The Torah proscribes wanton destruction (Deuteronomy 20:19), even at a time of war. So writes Rabbi Aaron Halevi of Barcelona (Chinuch, 529), "This is the way of the devout and those who seek good deeds… they never destroy even a grain of mustard, and are upset at any destruction they see."

Scriptural writings are full of natural imagery and are steeped in respect for nature, while biblical and later rabbinic law provide comprehensive legislation on issues such as conservation, animal welfare, species preservation, sanitation, and pollution.

The Torah orders the creation of green belts around cities (Numbers 35:4), and the laws against grafting diverse seeds and cross breeding animal species (Leviticus 19:19) can be understood in modern terms as concern for biodiversity (see Nachmanides on Leviticus 19:19 based on Jerusalem Talmud Kilayim 1:7).

Shabbat is a weekly rest for humans, animals, and the natural world (Horeb, Samson Raphael Hirsch). We are called upon in halakhah [Jewish law] to offers blessings for all manner of natural phenomena (rainbow, lightning, shooting stars, the first blossoms of a tree, etc.). A most dramatic ecological gesture is Shemita, the seventh year rest for the environment, when all fields lie fallow.

Rabbinic Literature

Maimonides (Mishneh Torah, Yesodei Hatorah 2:2) declares that meditating on nature is one of the key ways a person can fulfil the commandment to "love God with all your heart…"

Did you like this article?  MyJewishLearning is a not-for-profit organization.

Please consider making a donation today.

Rabbi Yossi Ives is the director of 3W Coaching, Inside Coaching (a successful consultancy and training practice), and of M-Power (a life skills training organization). He is a prison chaplain and the Rabbi of Richmond Synagogue, both in London.