Jewish War & Peace 101
In addition, the Torah lists several types of people who are exempt from military service. This list includes men who are engaged to be married and those who are "fearful" and "gentle-hearted." Contemporary thinkers like Arthur Waskow have invoked the exemption for the "gentle-hearted" to raise the possibility of excusing conscientious objectors.
In summary, although Judaism may not be fundamentally pacifistic, the hope for peace, the pursuit of peace, and the expectation of a universally peaceful time at the end of history are among its most basic tenets.
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