Life After Death
The earliest reference to Gan Eden and Gehinnom as a pair is probably the rabbinic statement of the 1st century sage Yohanan ben Zakkai: "There are two paths before me, one leading to Gan Eden and the other to Gehinnom (Berakhot 28b)."
Many questions remain, however. If the sources that refer to the World to Come are referring to Gan Eden, then what is the world of the resurrected? And if judgment immediately follows death, then what need is there for the judgment that will follow the resurrection?
Though some Jewish scholars have tried to clarify these ideas, it would be impossible to reconcile all the Jewish texts and sources that discuss the afterlife.
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