God in Judaism

God, and our perceptions of Him, Her, and Everything

The Names of God

The Jewish God is not merely a philosophical concept, a final cause which explains the existence of the universe. Rather, the Jewish God is a personal God, the true hero of the biblical stories, and a guide and mentor. In the Bible, God has one proper name and a host of other appellations.

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Texts and Traditions

In the Bible

In the Bible

The Bible does not have a single conception of God.

B'tzelem Elohim

Jewish texts teach that all humans are created in the image of God.

Bat Kol - A Divine Voice

The lowest level of prophecy, but a mighty powerful voice.

Angels

Messengers of God who appear in traditional texts--causing discomfort for some Jewish thinkers.

God 101

All the basics you need to know.

Modern Insights

Must I Believe

Must I Believe

The centrality of God in Judaism may not be as straightforward as you think.

God and Ethics

Hermann Cohen and Franz Rosenzweig stressed the ethical implications of God.

Feminist Critique

Jewish feminists challenge traditionally male language for God.

Speaking to Kids

How to respond to kids' questions about God with sophistication and honesty.

God's Phallus

Some feminist critiques of the Jewish God lead to surprising notions about masculinity.


Controversies

Miracles

Miracles

To what extent do Jews believe that miracles occurred in the past and continue to occur today?

Does God Hear Our Prayers?

Traditional Judaism answers with an emphatic yes.

God Exists, I'll Prove It To You

Like many medieval thinkers, Maimonides formulated proofs for the existence of God.

Skeptics & Spirituality

Can the skeptic embark on a Jewish spiritual journey?

Unanswered Prayer

Prayer remains vital to our religious experience, even if God doesn't swoop down to remove tumors.

Books and People

The Way Into: Encountering God in Judaism

The Way Into: Encountering God in Judaism

A book by Neil Gillman

Saadiah on God

Saadiah's rational analysis of God and Judaism set a precedent for medieval philosophers.

Maimonides on God

Maimonides' theology tells us more about what God isn't than what God is.

Finding God: Ten Jewish Responses

A book by Rifat Sonsino and Daniel B. Syme

Quiz Yourself

Judaism may have introduced monotheism to the world, but there is a lot of variety in conceptions of that one God.

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