The end of the 19th century saw the emergence of the first masters of Hebrew literature: Seforim, Yoseph Hayim Brenner, the poets Hayim Nahman Bialik and Saul Tchernichovsky, the more experimental writer Uri Nissan Gnessin, and the fantastical Shmuel Yosef Agnon. At the same time, Zionism was advancing its dream of a new Hebrew culture in Palestine with thedeveloping modern Hebrew language at its core, and these writers received encouragement and inspiration from this movement.
The first wave of Hebrew literature written in Palestine was heavily Zionistic. The poets of this time, such as Avraham Shlonsky, Yitzhak Lamdan, and U.Z. Greenberg, wrote about the Jewish pioneers and their relationship to the land of Israel. This ideological writing continued into the early years of the State. Novelists such as Moshe Shamir wrote realist fiction about the struggles and triumphs of the Sabra, the new Jew.
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