Ze'ev Jabotinsky

Zionist leader and founder of the Zionist Revisionist movement.

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As conditions in Europe worsened, Jabotinsky began to support underground armed resistance against the British in Palestine, and, in 1937, officially became the supreme commander of the Etzel--the Revisionist underground military organization. He continued to focus on the rescue of Jews from Europe by all means available--including some of the first attempts to circumvent immigration restrictions by the clandestine landing of immigrants who arrived by sea. His plans for the future included a Jewish army to be formed after World War II.

Jabotinsky died suddenly of a heart attack on 4 August 1940, while visiting a summer camp operated in New York by the Revisionist youth movement--Betar.

Throughout his life, Ze'ev Jabotinsky was convinced that Jewish statehood was an historic necessity that must and would come to pass. In his writings he recalled how, at the age of six, he had asked his mother whether the Jews would ever have a state of their own." His mother had retorted: "Of course, foolish boy." Jabotinsky, who devoted a lifetime to the realization of a Jewish state, never questioned the validity of her reply. In 1935, five years prior to his death, Jabotinsky composed his will, stating that should he die, he could be buried anywhere, but requested that his remains be transferred to Israel "only at the instructions of a Jewish government ki takum--"that shall be established." No "ifs."

In 1965, Ze'ev Jabotinsky's remains were brought to rest on Mount Herzl in Jerusalem.

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