Lulav and Etrog: Symbolism
There are many interpretations to what the four species represent.
2. The directions are symbolic of divine rule over nature.
3. There is the representation of the fertility of the land and the desire for rain.
4. This is also representative of our complete immersion in the holiday. On one level, we are surrounded by the sukkah. On another level, through this motion (of bringing it toward us), Sukkot enters us. The lulav becomes a conduit of peace and God's presence from every direction; transcendence and immanence. We gather in and are gathered in.
Through all of these, the themes of Sukkot are played out and interwoven beautifully: redemption, universal peace and brotherhood, completion.
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