Israel's Peace Map: An Outline

Details of the 2003 U.S.?peace plan.

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The following are the basic points of the Road Map for Peace, issued in the spring of 2003.

Phase I

Palestinian leadership issues an unequivocal statement reiterating Israel's right to exist in peace and security and calling for an immediate and unconditional ceasefire to end armed activity. The leadership also undertakes visible efforts on the ground to arrest, disrupt, and restrain individuals and groups conducting and planning violent attacks on Israelis.

Immediate action is taken to devise a credible process to produce a draft constitution for Palestinian statehood based on the concept of a strong parliamentary democracy.

jerusalemThe Israeli leadership issues an unequivocal statement affirming its commitment to the two-state vision of an independent, viable, sovereign Palestinian state.

Israel freezes all settlement activity, including natural growth of existing settlements.

Phase II

Following Palestinian elections, an international conference is convened to create an independent Palestinian state with provisional borders through a process of Israeli-Palestinian engagement.

Phase III

A second conference is convened in order to begin the process of reaching conclusive agreements on outstanding permanent status issues, such as borders, Jerusalem, refugees, settlements.

Ziv Hellman is a Jerusalem-based writer and mathematician. A former editor at the Jerusalem Post, Ziv was a founding member of Peace Watch--the watchdog group reporting on the implementation of the Oslo Agreements. He also led the Israeli elections observer team evaluating the Palestinian Authority elections.