Jewish Bioethics QuizWhen Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?
Question 1. True or False: All Jews are pro-choice.
Question 2. According to Jewish law, is therapeutic genetic engineering and gene manipulation sanctioned?
It is sanctioned because it may help save lives in the future
It is prohibited, because it does not help save lives in the present
Is it prohibited because it is tampering with God's work
It is sanctioned because it is fixing God's mistakes
Question 3. According to Jewish law, which of the following is true of abortion?
Life begins at conception, so abortion is tantamount to murder
Traditional Jewish law does not consider a fetus to be a human being
If a woman's life is endangered by her pregnancy she still must have the baby
Abortion is permissible under all circumstances; the rabbis did not claim ownership over women's bodies
Question 4. True or False: There is a case of genetic engineering in the Bible.
Question 5. What is the one principle that can be singled out for its prominence in Jewish bioethical discourse?
God is at the center of all decision making
There is a duty to save and preserve human life wherever possible
Preventing pain is the most important factor in all medical decisions
Both A and C
Question 6. True or false: In recent years, some liberal rabbis have suggested that active euthanasia be permitted in certain cases where the pain experienced by a terminally ill patient diminishes his/her ability to live in the image of God.
Question 7. True or false: Jewish law always forbids organ donation.
Question 8. According to most traditional Jewish authorities, who is legally considered the father of a child born via donor sperm?
The man who raises the child
The man who provides the sperm
They are both considered fathers of the child
The child is considered to have no father
Question 9. Which of these legal and ethical issues are still up for debate among Jewish authorities?
If several people need a given organ, how do we decide who gets priority?
Can organs be sold?
Can organs be used without permission?
All of these
None of these
Question 10. Nazis claimed that
Jews were predisposed toward breast cancer
Jews were predisposed to be very smart
Jews were genetically inferior to non-Jews
Jews all wanted to be blond