My Jewish Learning

Jewish Bioethics Quiz

When Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?



Question 1. According to most traditional Jewish authorities, who is legally considered the father of a child born via donor sperm?
 The man who raises the child
 The man who provides the sperm
 They are both considered fathers of the child
 The child is considered to have no father

 

Question 2. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are
 Lung diseases common in Sephardic families
 Asthma conditions common in the Hasidic community
 Breast cancer genes commonly found in Jewish women
 Screening procedures for Jewish genetic diseases

 

Question 3. According to some Orthodox rabbinic authorities there is concern that the use of donor sperm to impregnate a woman who was having trouble conceiving would constitute what?
 Stealing
 Murder
 Adultery
 Impurity

 

Question 4. True or False: There is a case of genetic engineering in the Bible.
 True
 False

 

Question 5. What is the rabbinic position on stem cell research?
 The majority of contemporary halakhic authorities sanction it
 The majority of contemporary halakhic authorities prohibit it
 It is prohibited because equally good cells can be gathered from an umbilical chord
 It was forbidden by the rabbis of the Talmud, but has been permitted by contemporary Orthodox authorities

 

Question 6. What is the one principle that can be singled out for its prominence in Jewish bioethical discourse?
 God is at the center of all decision making
 There is a duty to save and preserve human life wherever possible
 Preventing pain is the most important factor in all medical decisions
 Both A and C

 

Question 7. According to Jewish law, when does a fetus acquire the rights of a person?
 When it is conceived
 When its movements are perceptible by the mother
 When it reaches its due date
 When it is born

 

Question 8. Which Jewish tenet overrides all others in the debate regarding whether organ donation should be permissible acccording to Jewish law?
 Shabbat
 Kashrut
 Saving a life
 Love your neighbor like yourself

 

Question 9. According to Jewish law, is the morning-after pill permitted?
 Yes, because the fertilized egg does not count as a pregnancy until 40 days have passed
 Yes, because the fetus is not viable on its own, and thus doesn't count as a person
 No, because all forms of abortion are prohibited
 No, because abortions have to be performed by specially trained Jewish doctors in order for them to be sanctioned by halakhah

 

Question 10. Which of the following biblical characters seems to have requested an assisted suicide?
 Adam
 Moses
 Joshua
 Saul