My Jewish Learning

Jewish Bioethics Quiz

When Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?



Question 1. The concept of a surrogate mother is introduced in the Bible with which characters?
 Hagar and Sarah
 Hannah and Peninah
 Rachel and Leah
 Lot's Daughters

 

Question 2. In the Talmud, the vital sign distinguishing life and death is
 the heart beating
 breathing
 speaking
 the ability to say the name of God

 

Question 3. Couples should be genetically screened
 Before they get married
 In the week after they get married
 After they have conceived a child
 Between their first and second children

 

Question 4. According to Jewish law, the permissibility for a healthy person to donate an organ (such as a kidney) is dependent on what?
 Whether or not one is a priest
 Whether or not one is a religiously observant person
 The risk of the procedure
 Whether or not the recipient is a religiously observant Jew

 

Question 5. Which of the following denominations allow organ donation?
 Reform
 Conservative
 Modern Orthodox
 Reconstructionist
 All of the above

 

Question 6. True or false: In some situations, Jewish law actually requires a woman to have an abortion.
 True
 False

 

Question 7. According to Jewish law, when does a fetus acquire the rights of a person?
 When it is conceived
 When its movements are perceptible by the mother
 When it reaches its due date
 When it is born

 

Question 8. According to traditional Jewish sources, when does death occur?
 When the heart stops beating
 When breathing totally and irreversibly ceases
 When a person says the Shema and closes his/her eyes for the last time
 Any of the above

 

Question 9. True or false: The Jewish community has a poor track record of post-mortem organ donation.
 True
 False

 

Question 10. True or False: There is a case of genetic engineering in the Bible.
 True
 False