Jewish Bioethics QuizWhen Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?
Question 1. According to most traditional Jewish authorities, who is legally considered the father of a child born via donor sperm?
The man who raises the child
The man who provides the sperm
They are both considered fathers of the child
The child is considered to have no father
Question 2. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are
Lung diseases common in Sephardic families
Asthma conditions common in the Hasidic community
Breast cancer genes commonly found in Jewish women
Screening procedures for Jewish genetic diseases
Question 3. According to some Orthodox rabbinic authorities there is concern that the use of donor sperm to impregnate a woman who was having trouble conceiving would constitute what?
Question 4. True or False: There is a case of genetic engineering in the Bible.
Question 5. What is the rabbinic position on stem cell research?
The majority of contemporary halakhic authorities sanction it
The majority of contemporary halakhic authorities prohibit it
It is prohibited because equally good cells can be gathered from an umbilical chord
It was forbidden by the rabbis of the Talmud, but has been permitted by contemporary Orthodox authorities
Question 6. What is the one principle that can be singled out for its prominence in Jewish bioethical discourse?
God is at the center of all decision making
There is a duty to save and preserve human life wherever possible
Preventing pain is the most important factor in all medical decisions
Both A and C
Question 7. According to Jewish law, when does a fetus acquire the rights of a person?
When it is conceived
When its movements are perceptible by the mother
When it reaches its due date
When it is born
Question 8. Which Jewish tenet overrides all others in the debate regarding whether organ donation should be permissible acccording to Jewish law?
Saving a life
Love your neighbor like yourself
Question 9. According to Jewish law, is the morning-after pill permitted?
Yes, because the fertilized egg does not count as a pregnancy until 40 days have passed
Yes, because the fetus is not viable on its own, and thus doesn't count as a person
No, because all forms of abortion are prohibited
No, because abortions have to be performed by specially trained Jewish doctors in order for them to be sanctioned by halakhah
Question 10. Which of the following biblical characters seems to have requested an assisted suicide?