Jewish Bioethics QuizWhen Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?
Question 1. According to Jewish law, is the morning-after pill permitted?
Yes, because the fertilized egg does not count as a pregnancy until 40 days have passed
Yes, because the fetus is not viable on its own, and thus doesn't count as a person
No, because all forms of abortion are prohibited
No, because abortions have to be performed by specially trained Jewish doctors in order for them to be sanctioned by halakhah
Question 2. According to Jewish law, what is a goses?
A terminally ill patient, who is expected to die within 72 hours
Someone who has been given a terminal diagnosis, but whose life expectancy is unknown
A corpse within one day after death
A person who wants to die
Question 3. According to Jewish law, which of the following is true of abortion?
Life begins at conception, so abortion is tantamount to murder
Traditional Jewish law does not consider a fetus to be a human being
If a woman's life is endangered by her pregnancy she still must have the baby
Abortion is permissible under all circumstances; the rabbis did not claim ownership over women's bodies
Question 4. According to Jewish law, the permissibility for a healthy person to donate an organ (such as a kidney) is dependent on what?
Whether or not one is a priest
Whether or not one is a religiously observant person
The risk of the procedure
Whether or not the recipient is a religiously observant Jew
Question 5. According to Jewish law, is therapeutic genetic engineering and gene manipulation sanctioned?
It is sanctioned because it may help save lives in the future
It is prohibited, because it does not help save lives in the present
Is it prohibited because it is tampering with God's work
It is sanctioned because it is fixing God's mistakes
Question 6. Which of these legal and ethical issues are still up for debate among Jewish authorities?
If several people need a given organ, how do we decide who gets priority?
Can organs be sold?
Can organs be used without permission?
All of these
None of these
Question 7. The concept of a surrogate mother is introduced in the Bible with which characters?
Hagar and Sarah
Hannah and Peninah
Rachel and Leah
Question 8. True or false: Judaism sees the termination of a pregnancy as murder.
Question 9. Jewish genetic diseases occur
only in the Ashkenazi community
only in the Sephardic community
only in those who descend from converts
in all Jewish communities
Question 10. Couples should be genetically screened
Before they get married
In the week after they get married
After they have conceived a child
Between their first and second children