My Jewish Learning

Jewish Bioethics Quiz

When Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?



Question 1. Which Jewish tenet overrides all others in the debate regarding whether organ donation should be permissible acccording to Jewish law?
 Shabbat
 Kashrut
 Saving a life
 Love your neighbor like yourself

 

Question 2. Which of these legal and ethical issues are still up for debate among Jewish authorities?
 If several people need a given organ, how do we decide who gets priority?
 Can organs be sold?
 Can organs be used without permission?
 All of these
 None of these

 

Question 3. Couples should be genetically screened
 Before they get married
 In the week after they get married
 After they have conceived a child
 Between their first and second children

 

Question 4. True or false: The Jewish community has a poor track record of post-mortem organ donation.
 True
 False

 

Question 5. What is the one principle that can be singled out for its prominence in Jewish bioethical discourse?
 God is at the center of all decision making
 There is a duty to save and preserve human life wherever possible
 Preventing pain is the most important factor in all medical decisions
 Both A and C

 

Question 6. What is the rabbinic position on stem cell research?
 The majority of contemporary halakhic authorities sanction it
 The majority of contemporary halakhic authorities prohibit it
 It is prohibited because equally good cells can be gathered from an umbilical chord
 It was forbidden by the rabbis of the Talmud, but has been permitted by contemporary Orthodox authorities

 

Question 7. True or False: There is a case of genetic engineering in the Bible.
 True
 False

 

Question 8. The concept of a surrogate mother is introduced in the Bible with which characters?
 Hagar and Sarah
 Hannah and Peninah
 Rachel and Leah
 Lot's Daughters

 

Question 9. According to traditional Jewish sources, when does death occur?
 When the heart stops beating
 When breathing totally and irreversibly ceases
 When a person says the Shema and closes his/her eyes for the last time
 Any of the above

 

Question 10. True or false: Jewish law always forbids organ donation.
 True
 False