Jewish Bioethics QuizWhen Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?
Question 1. According to the Talmud, when does a soul enter a baby's body?
After the first trimester
When the child first answers Amen to a blessing
No one knows
Question 2. Which of the following denominations allow organ donation?
All of the above
Question 3. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are
Lung diseases common in Sephardic families
Asthma conditions common in the Hasidic community
Breast cancer genes commonly found in Jewish women
Screening procedures for Jewish genetic diseases
Question 4. According to Jewish law, which of the following is true of abortion?
Life begins at conception, so abortion is tantamount to murder
Traditional Jewish law does not consider a fetus to be a human being
If a woman's life is endangered by her pregnancy she still must have the baby
Abortion is permissible under all circumstances; the rabbis did not claim ownership over women's bodies
Question 5. What is the rabbinic position on stem cell research?
The majority of contemporary halakhic authorities sanction it
The majority of contemporary halakhic authorities prohibit it
It is prohibited because equally good cells can be gathered from an umbilical chord
It was forbidden by the rabbis of the Talmud, but has been permitted by contemporary Orthodox authorities
Question 6. According to Jewish law, is the morning-after pill permitted?
Yes, because the fertilized egg does not count as a pregnancy until 40 days have passed
Yes, because the fetus is not viable on its own, and thus doesn't count as a person
No, because all forms of abortion are prohibited
No, because abortions have to be performed by specially trained Jewish doctors in order for them to be sanctioned by halakhah
Question 7. The concept of a surrogate mother is introduced in the Bible with which characters?
Hagar and Sarah
Hannah and Peninah
Rachel and Leah
Question 8. True or false: Jewish law always forbids organ donation.
Question 9. Nazis claimed that
Jews were predisposed toward breast cancer
Jews were predisposed to be very smart
Jews were genetically inferior to non-Jews
Jews all wanted to be blond
Question 10. Jewish genetic diseases occur
only in the Ashkenazi community
only in the Sephardic community
only in those who descend from converts
in all Jewish communities