My Jewish Learning

Free Will Quiz

The paradox of human free will and God's infinite knowledge and power has troubled Jewish thinkers at every point in Jewish history. How much do you know about this debate?

Question 1. Which Jewish philosopher comes closest to asserting that humans do not have free will?
 Hasdai Crescas
 Isaac Luria
 Joseph Soloveitchik
 Judah Halevi


Question 2. Which of the following did not have his/their heart(s) hardened by God?
 The Moabite king Sihon
 The army of Canaan


Question 3. According to Maimonides, God’s "special providence" is limited to
 Human beings
 Torah scholars


Question 4. Which of these problems concerned medieval philosophers?
 How to reconcile free will and divine providence
 How to reconcile free will and divine foreknowledge
 How to ensure that human beings experience the feeling of freedom
 A & B only
 All of the above


Question 5. Which Christian thinker's view on free will parallels Maimonides' view?
 Thomas Aquinas
 Robert Audi
 Immanuel Kant
 Søren Kierkegaard


Question 6. Which of the following thinkers posited that having free choice is not as good a state as doing right automatically?
 Hasdai Crescas
 Ibn Ezra


Question 7. What does Abraham Joshua Heschel believe about free will?
 The self does not belong to the physical world, and it possesses and controls the will
 The laws of Judaism reflect a conviction that the human power to choose is weaker than is generally supposed
 Humans have come to look at life as completely predetermined, and they need to free themselves from this view, whether or not it is true
 All of these
 None of these