Suffering & Evil QuizJewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?
Question 1. The problem of justifying God despite the existence of evil is called:
None of the above
Question 2. Which approach to a painful experience does Rabbi Harold Kushner recommend?
Pretending it didn't happen
Dwelling in the pain
Asking, "What did I do to deserve this?"
Asking, "Now that this has happened to me, what am I going to do about it?"
Question 3. According to the Talmud, when Rabbi Akiba was tortured by the Romans at the end of his life, what did he do?
He repeated the Shema prayer again and again
He closesd his eyes and ignored the pain
He mystically enabled himself to explode into fire
He embraced the pain and redirected it for good
Question 4. True or false: For Jews, the problem of suffering is twofold, including a universal problem and a particular problem.
Question 5. Who called evil "the most difficult matter…with which scholars of all ages, people and tongues have struggled"?
Rabbi Harold Kushner
Question 6. According to the Bible, what did God promise to the Jews at Mt. Sinai, if they followed God's ways?
Rewards if they followed God, suffering if they did not
Question 7. Who is credited with beginning the post-Holocaust theological discussion in the West?
President Harry S. Truman
None of these
Question 8. What was the reaction of the Jewish philosophical community in the first 20 years following the Holocaust?
That the state of affairs in the world created the evil of the Holocaust
That the Holocaust was not itself evil--what was problematic was the human desire for cruelty
There was no forceful reaction--nobody knew how to deal with the Holocaust
That the Holocaust was, in some way, indirectly the fault of the victims
Question 9. Which of these offenses was not penalized by karet?
Failing to be circumcised
Eating leaven on Passover
Question 10. The problem of suffering and evil took on an unprecedented role in Jewish thought after what event?
The giving of the Ten Commandments
The editing of the Mishnah
The Protestant reformation