Suffering & Evil QuizJewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?
Question 1. What is the philosophical conclusion reached by the Book of Job?
Job suffered in this world in order to achieve a reward in the next
Humans are just toys to be played with by God and the angels
It is fruitless for humans to try to figure out why God causes some righteous people to suffer
All of these
None of these
Question 2. What is the name for the vindication of God’s justice despite the existence of evil?
Deus ex machina
Question 3. What is Berkovits and Cohen's “Free Will Defense" argument about the source of evil and suffering?
Human evil is the necessary and ever present possibility entailed by the reality of human freedom
Because humans have free will, nothing is truly evil
Because free will does not exist, God is culpable for all sins
Humans have too much freedom, and only religion may restrict it
Question 4. Which of these texts was the first to ask the question "Why do bad things happen to good people"?
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The Book of Leviticus
The Book of Job
The Book of Isaiah
The Book of Daniel
Question 5. True or false: In traditional Jewish thought, Satan does not exist.
Question 6. Does Judaism believe in a system of reward and punishment, according to the Bible?
It does not explicitly say in the Bible
Question 7. Who said that "in strict covenant theology, there can be no innocent sufferers"?
Question 8. According to the Bible, what did God promise to the Jews at Mt. Sinai, if they followed God's ways?
Rewards if they followed God, suffering if they did not
Question 9. What was the reaction of the Jewish philosophical community in the first 20 years following the Holocaust?
That the state of affairs in the world created the evil of the Holocaust
That the Holocaust was not itself evil--what was problematic was the human desire for cruelty
There was no forceful reaction--nobody knew how to deal with the Holocaust
That the Holocaust was, in some way, indirectly the fault of the victims
Question 10. Which of these offenses was not penalized by karet?
Failing to be circumcised
Eating leaven on Passover