Suffering & Evil QuizJewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?
Question 1. Does Judaism believe in a system of reward and punishment, according to the Bible?
It does not explicitly say in the Bible
Question 2. What is karet?
When a particular sin is punishable by death
The biblical penalty of being "cut off from the people"
A certain kind of justice meted out in biblical courts
The term for one who has been sentenced to death but has not yet been executed
Question 3. According to the Book of Ezekiel, can someone be punished for the deeds of his or her ancestors?
Question 4. What did Abraham Isaac Kook think about the relationship between God and evil?
That evil was the opposite of God
That evil did not exist
That, for some reason, God created the force of evil
That one day God would destroy all evil in the world
Question 5. Why is the question of suffering and evil unique among theological and philosophical problems?
It confronts us almost daily
Jewish history is replete with tragedy, both individual and communal
The Holocaust significantly impacted the discourse around this problem
All of the above
Question 6. According to the Bible, what did God promise to the Jews at Mt. Sinai, if they followed God's ways?
Rewards if they followed God, suffering if they did not
Question 7. The problem of justifying God despite the existence of evil is called:
None of the above
Question 8. What do traditional Jewish sources teach about Hell?
There is no afterlife in Judaism
There is a heaven and a hell, similar to the Christian division
There is an incorporeal "middle ground" called Gehennom, or purgatory
There is an afterlife, but only for good people
Question 9. Which of the following thinkers first posited that both good and evil forces emanate from God?
Rabbi Jill Jacobs
Rabbi Harold Kushner
Question 10. What is the philosophical conclusion reached by the Book of Job?
Job suffered in this world in order to achieve a reward in the next
Humans are just toys to be played with by God and the angels
It is fruitless for humans to try to figure out why God causes some righteous people to suffer
All of these
None of these