My Jewish Learning

Suffering & Evil Quiz

Jewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?



Question 1. True or false: For Jews, the problem of suffering is twofold, including a universal problem and a particular problem.
 True
 False

 

Question 2. True or false: In traditional Jewish thought, Satan does not exist.
 True
 False

 

Question 3. What is the philosophical conclusion reached by the Book of Job?
 Job suffered in this world in order to achieve a reward in the next
 Humans are just toys to be played with by God and the angels
 It is fruitless for humans to try to figure out why God causes some righteous people to suffer
 All of these
 None of these

 

Question 4. How does Process Theology understand the Holocaust?
 It posits that God had no role in the Holocaust; that it was all human beings
 It rethinks traditional notions of a beneficent and providential God
 It rejects the idea of God in the first place
 It suggests that God's role was to save those who survived the Holocaust

 

Question 5. Which of the following claims did Maimonides deny in his philosophical writings?
 God is perfectly good
 God is all-powerful
 God is all-knowing
 Evil is real

 

Question 6. How does the Bahir, the earliest kabbalistic work, describe the sefirah (God’s emanation) of "power"?
 "The penitential sefirah"
 "That which has the name of evil"
 "The sefirah of Satan"
 "The compassionate one"

 

Question 7. Who called evil "the most difficult matter…with which scholars of all ages, people and tongues have struggled"?
 Rashi
 Maimonides
 Nachmanides
 Rabbi Harold Kushner
 Moses

 

Question 8. True or false: The concept of reward and punishment is the Torah's explanation for the existence of suffering.
 True
 False

 

Question 9. What is the subject of the well-known Jewish book on suffering, For Those I Loved?
 The Holocaust
 Cancer
 Becoming religious
 Stopping being religious

 

Question 10. The problem of justifying God despite the existence of evil is called:
 Theosophany
 Theodicy
 Eschatology
 Teshuvah
 None of the above