Suffering & Evil QuizJewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?
Question 1. Which of the following did Mordecai Kaplan, the founder of Reconstructionist Judaism, believe?
God is responsible for creating both good and evil forces in the universe
The term "God" represents "the power for salvation" in the universe
Our idea of God is merely a representation for that which we consider to be good
Evil is merely a human construction for that which we cannot understand
Question 2. True or false: For Jews, the problem of suffering is twofold, including a universal problem and a particular problem.
Question 3. Who wrote the book When Bad Things Happen to Good People?
Rabbi Louis Jacobs
Rabbi Harold Kushner
Question 4. What is the name for the vindication of Godís justice despite the existence of evil?
Deus ex machina
Question 5. What is the Sitra Ahra?
"The Other Side," a reference to the forces of evil
"That Which Protects from Evil"
"The Talisman," a reference to writings about suffering
"The Second Door," a reference to Purgatory
Question 6. The problem of suffering and evil took on an unprecedented role in Jewish thought after what event?
The giving of the Ten Commandments
The editing of the Mishnah
The Protestant reformation
Question 7. According to Judaism, why do bad things happen to good people?
We cannot know
The people suffering might seem "good" but they are in fact being punished for sins they committed
Those who suffer now will be rewarded in the afterlife
Jewish thinkers have advanced all of these answers
Question 8. According to Saadiah Gaon, which of these is not a purpose of human suffering?
None of the above
Question 9. Does Judaism believe in a system of reward and punishment, according to the Bible?
It does not explicitly say in the Bible
Question 10. How does Process Theology understand the Holocaust?
It posits that God had no role in the Holocaust; that it was all human beings
It rethinks traditional notions of a beneficent and providential God
It rejects the idea of God in the first place
It suggests that God's role was to save those who survived the Holocaust