Suffering & Evil QuizJewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?
Question 1. What do traditional Jewish sources teach about Hell?
There is no afterlife in Judaism
There is a heaven and a hell, similar to the Christian division
There is an incorporeal "middle ground" called Gehennom, or purgatory
There is an afterlife, but only for good people
Question 2. Which approach to a painful experience does Rabbi Harold Kushner recommend?
Pretending it didn't happen
Dwelling in the pain
Asking, "What did I do to deserve this?"
Asking, "Now that this has happened to me, what am I going to do about it?"
Question 3. According to Saadiah Gaon, which of these is not a purpose of human suffering?
None of the above
Question 4. Is the character of Job (from the Book of Job) a Jew?
We are unsure
Question 5. Which of these is an interpretation of the biblical punishment of karet?
Dying before the age of 60
All of the above
None of the above
Question 6. True or false: In the Talmud, the rabbis tend to focus on theological solutions to the problem of evil, rather than the human response to suffering.
Question 7. Which of the following did Mordecai Kaplan, the founder of Reconstructionist Judaism, believe?
God is responsible for creating both good and evil forces in the universe
The term "God" represents "the power for salvation" in the universe
Our idea of God is merely a representation for that which we consider to be good
Evil is merely a human construction for that which we cannot understand
Question 8. What is karet?
When a particular sin is punishable by death
The biblical penalty of being "cut off from the people"
A certain kind of justice meted out in biblical courts
The term for one who has been sentenced to death but has not yet been executed
Question 9. True or false: The concept of reward and punishment is the Torah's explanation for the existence of suffering.
Question 10. Which of these offenses was not penalized by karet?
Failing to be circumcised
Eating leaven on Passover