Thinkers & Thought QuizA wide cast of intellectuals devoted their lives to defining what Judaism meant to them, and what it should mean to others. How much do you know about these thinkers and their philosophies?
Question 1. Which of the following philosophers was excommunicated from his Jewish community?
Question 2. A main goal of medieval Jewish thinkers was to reconcile Jewish thought with what philosophy?
Question 3. How does Judah Halevi distinguish the Jewish revelation story from Islam and Christianity's stories of revelation?
Judaism doesn't believe in a literal revelation
Judaism's revelation was on a mountain
Judaism's was revealed to 600,000 people and not one person
None of the above
Question 4. Which Jewish philosopher wrote The Lonely Man of Faith?
Rabbi Moshe Feinstein
Rabbi Joseph Caro
Rabbi Joseph Soloveitchik
Question 5. When Joseph Soloveitchik moved to the United States, he became Chief Rabbi of the Orthodox community in what city?
Question 6. What is syncretism?
A unanimous decision in the Talmud
A tradition that is accepted both by Ashkenazic and Sephardic rabbis
A negative commandment
None of the above
Question 7. When did Jewish thinkers begin to try to prove the existence of God?
In the Second Temple period
In the Talmud
In the Middle Ages
After the Enlightenment
Question 8. According to E. E. Dessler the best way to understand God is to
Do works of lovingkindness
Work for a Jewish organization
Fast and immerse oneself in Kabbalah
Question 9. In Jerusalem, or On Religious Power and Judaism, Moses Mendelssohn argued that
Jews should move to Israel
Judaism is constant with values of the Enlightenment
Judaism was all but dead
Jews should convert to Christianity
Question 10. Leo Baeck's The Essence of Judaism was written in response to
Adolf von Harnack's Essence of Christianity
Baruch Spinoza's Tractatus Theologico Politicus
Franz Rosenzweig's The Star of Redemption
Martin Buber's For the Sake of Heaven