My Jewish Learning

Minor Fasts Quiz

The four minor fasts on the Jewish calendar commemorate tragedies in Jewish history such as the murder of Gedaliah, the Jewish governor of Judah, and the breach of the walls around Jerusalem in 70 CE. How much do you know about these days?

Question 1. Who does the Fast of Gedaliah honor?
 A Babylonian-appointed official who was put in charge of the Jews
 One of the fairest and most equitable judges in the Book of Judges
 A non-Jewish woman who married the evil king Nebuchadnezzar and murdered him in his sleep
 The first and fifth Chabad rebbes


Question 2. Which is not a reason to hold a personal fast?
 The death of a close relative
 Forgetting to fast on a public fast day
 Asking forgiveness from God
 A bad dream


Question 3. The following prayer is said on minor fast days
 Al Hanissim
 Avinu Malkeinu


Question 4. This tractate of the Talmud is devoted to public fast days
 Bava Batra


Question 5. What does the Fast of Esther commemorate?
 The day the Jews were to be slaughtered, until Esther appealed to the king and saved them
 The fast Esther began prior to visiting the king
 The day that Haman led Mordecai through the streets of Shushan
 The yahrzeit of Esther


Question 6. Minor fasts last from...
 Sunset the evening before to the following sunset
 Sunrise to sunset
 From 9 am to 5 pm
 From Shema during Shaharit to Shema during Maariv
 Sunrise to sunrise the next day


Question 7. None of the four minor fast days cannot occur
 In January
 On Shabbat
 On a Tuesday
 In the summer
 During a leap year