My Jewish Learning

Minor Fasts Quiz

The four minor fasts on the Jewish calendar commemorate tragedies in Jewish history such as the murder of Gedaliah, the Jewish governor of Judah, and the breach of the walls around Jerusalem in 70 CE. How much do you know about these days?



Question 1. Which of these events happened, according to the Mishnah, on the 17th of Tammuz?
 An idol was built in the Temple before the Maccabean revolt
 The gates of Jerusalem were breached by the Romas
 Moses smashed the original Ten Commandments
 Cessation of daily sacrifices in the Temple
 All of these

 

Question 2. What does the Fast of Esther commemorate?
 The day the Jews were to be slaughtered, until Esther appealed to the king and saved them
 The fast Esther began prior to visiting the king
 The day that Haman led Mordecai through the streets of Shushan
 The yahrzeit of Esther

 

Question 3. True or False: Is the Fast of Esther always observed on the day before Purim?
 True
 False

 

Question 4. Which minor fast day is mentioned in the Torah?
 Seventeenth of Tammuz
 Tzom Gedaliah
 Tenth of Tevet
 All of these
 None of these

 

Question 5. Who does the Fast of Gedaliah honor?
 A Babylonian-appointed official who was put in charge of the Jews
 One of the fairest and most equitable judges in the Book of Judges
 A non-Jewish woman who married the evil king Nebuchadnezzar and murdered him in his sleep
 The first and fifth Chabad rebbes

 

Question 6. What anniversary does the Tenth of Tevet mark?
 The birthday of Nebuchadnezzar, the tyrant who exiled the Jews
 The beginning of the Babylonian siege of Jerusalem
 The day before the first Passover offering
 The day that the walls of Jerusalem were breached

 

Question 7. Minor fasts last from...
 Sunset the evening before to the following sunset
 Sunrise to sunset
 From 9 am to 5 pm
 From Shema during Shaharit to Shema during Maariv
 Sunrise to sunrise the next day