Jewish Prayer QuizJewish prayer has evolved from scattered supplications in the Bible to a vast, codified tradition today. How much do you know about Jewish prayer, synagogues, rabbis, and liturgy?
Question 1. According to the Talmud, who originated the morning shaharit service?
Question 2. What does the word "rabbi" literally mean?
Question 3. Why did regular communal Jewish prayer begin in post-Temple times?
To substitute for the daily offerings at the Temple
Because the priests felt that the Jewish people were becoming distant and sinful
Because people felt that sacrificing animals was cruel and unnecessary
To give people a way to mourn the loss of the Temple
Question 4. Which is NOT a traditional feature of synagogue design?
A lectern for the leader of the service
A "Holy Ark" in which Torah scrolls are kept
Seating arranged facing Jerusalem
An organ on the bimah to accompany the hazzan
Question 5. What is the daily prayer book called?
Question 6. How many men are needed to form a traditional prayer quorum?
Question 7. In Temple times, what was the main role of the synagogue?
To provide a place to house communal guests
To serve as a place of Jewish study and gathering
To serve as a place to keep tallit and tefillin
To provide sanctuary to people who needed a special place to talk to God
Question 8. True or false: The first Jewish prayer books can be found in the writings of the post-talmudic sages of Babylonia (geonim) and their successors in North Africa and Europe.
Question 9. True or false: According to traditional halakhah, women are exempt from the obligation to wear a tallit.
Question 10. True or false: No Jewish denominations permit women to become rabbis.