With exile and the destruction of the "House of the Lord" came a theological crisis: Had Israel's God been defeated? Had God abandoned the nation? Out of catastrophe, the last of the prophets worked out a new monotheism: Israel's God was the creator of the cosmos, not merely the protector of a small nation. God's order was built on justice and faithfulness--and if Israel lived up to these demands, she would be safe in God's favor. For centuries afterward, the Jewish people would see God's judgment in its national fortunes.
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