The preeminent rabbi of first century Palestine.
To date, no satisfactory theory has been advanced which convincingly explains the reason or reasons for the emergence of two separate schools. It remains true that, because of the Bat Kol, Jewish law is usually decided in favor of the House of Hillel.
In the sixteenth-century Lurianic Kabbalah, it is stated that in this world, the law generally follows the more lenient views of the House of Hillel, but in the Messianic age, when people will have greater spiritual stamina, the law will follow the tougher rulings of the House of Shammai.
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